PROSITE documentation PDOC00518

Aminotransferases class-II pyridoxal-phosphate attachment site




Description

Aminotransferases share certain mechanistic features with other pyridoxal-phosphate dependent enzymes, such as the covalent binding of the pyridoxal-phosphate group to a lysine residue. On the basis of sequence similarity, these various enzymes can be grouped [1] into subfamilies. One of these, called class-II, currently consists of the following enzymes:

  • Glycine C-acetyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.29), which catalyzes the addition of acetyl-CoA to glycine to form 2-amino-3-oxobutanoate (gene kbl).
  • 5-aminolevulinic acid synthase (EC 2.3.1.37) (delta-ALA synthase), which catalyzes the first step in heme biosynthesis via the Shemin (or C4) pathway, i.e. the addition of succinyl-CoA to glycine to form 5- aminolevulinate.
  • 8-amino-7-oxononanoate synthase (EC 2.3.1.47) (7-KAP synthase), a bacterial enzyme (gene bioF) which catalyzes an intermediate step in the biosynthesis of biotin: the addition of 6-carboxy-hexanoyl-CoA to alanine to form 8- amino-7-oxononanoate.
  • Histidinol-phosphate aminotransferase (EC 2.6.1.9), which catalyzes the eighth step in histidine biosynthetic pathway: the transfer of an amino group from 3-(imidazol-4-yl)-2-oxopropyl phosphate to glutamic acid to form histidinol phosphate and 2-oxoglutarate.
  • Serine C-palmitoyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.50) from yeast (genes LCB1 and LCB2), which catalyzes the condensation of palmitoyl-CoA and serine to form 3-ketosphinganine.

The sequence around the pyridoxal-phosphate attachment site of this class of enzyme is sufficiently conserved to allow the creation of a specific pattern.

Last update:

December 2004 / Pattern and text revised.

Technical section

PROSITE method (with tools and information) covered by this documentation:

AA_TRANSFER_CLASS_2, PS00599; Aminotransferases class-II pyridoxal-phosphate attachment site  (PATTERN)


Reference

1AuthorsBairoch A.
SourceUnpublished observations (1991).



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