Protein radicals are components of several biologically important reactions.
Glycyl radical enzymes are involved in a great variety of functions, for
example, nucleotide, pyruvate and toluene metabolism . These enzymes are
posttranslationally interconverted, under anaerobic conditions, from an
inactive to an active form that carries a stable radical localized to a
specific glycine at the C-terminal region of the polypeptidic chain. Extreme
sensitivity towards destruction by oxygen, leading to polypeptide cleavage
between the N-Cα bond of the Gly residue, is a conspicuous property of all
protein-based glycyl radicals, thus confining their existence to strictly
Some proteins known to contain a glycyl radical are listed below:
Escherichia coli pyruvate formate-lyase (EC 188.8.131.52) (genes pflB, pflD
and pflF), a key enzyme of anaerobic glucose metabolism, it converts
pyruvate and CoA into acetyl-CoA and pyruvate .
Escherichia coli (gene nrdD) and bacteriophage T4 (gene nrdD or sunY)
anaerobic ribonucleoside-triphosphate reductase (EC 184.108.40.206) [3,4].
These proteins share a conserved region centered around the glycine which, in
pfl, is known to bear the free radical. We use this region has a signature
pattern. We also developed a profile which covers the entire glycine radical
April 2006 / Pattern revised.
PROSITE methods (with tools and information) covered by this documentation:
Eklund H., Fontecave M.
Glycyl radical enzymes: a conservative structural basis for radicals.
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