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PROSITE documentation PDOC00939 [for PROSITE entry PS01221]

PMP-22 / EMP / MP20 family signatures





Description

The following vertebrate small integral membrane glycoproteins are evolutionary related [1,2,3]:

  • Peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP-22), which is expressed in many tissues but mainly by Schwann cells as a component of myelin of the peripheral nervous system (PNS). PMP-22 probably plays a role both in myelinization and in cell proliferation. Mutations affecting PMP-22 are associated with hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies such as Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (CMT-1A) in human or the 'trembler' phenotype in mice.
  • Eye lens specific membrane protein 20 (MP20 or MP19).
  • Epithelial membrane protein-1 (EMP-1) (also kwown as tumor-associated membrane protein (TMP) or as squamous cell-specific protein Cl-20).
  • Epithelial membrane protein-2 (EMP-2) (also kwown as XMP).
  • Epithelial membrane protein-3 (EMP-3) (also kwown as YMP).

These are proteins of about 160 to 173 amino acid residues that contain four transmembrane segments. PMP-22, EMP-1, -2 and -3 are highly similar, while MP20 is more distantly related.

We selected two conserved regions as signature patterns, the first pattern includes the end of the first transmembrane region and part of the loop before the second region. The second pattern corresponds to the third transmembrane region.

Note:

The PMP-22 family is evolutionary related to the claudin family (see <PDOC01045>).

Last update:

December 2004 / Patterns and text revised.

Technical section

PROSITE methods (with tools and information) covered by this documentation:

PMP22_1, PS01221; PMP-22 / EMP / MP20 family signature 1  (PATTERN)

PMP22_2, PS01222; PMP-22 / EMP / MP20 family signature 2  (PATTERN)


References

1AuthorsTaylor V. Welcher A.A. Program A.E. Suter U.
TitleEpithelial membrane protein-1, peripheral myelin protein 22, and lens membrane protein 20 define a novel gene family.
SourceJ. Biol. Chem. 270:28824-28833(1995).
PubMed ID7499407

2AuthorsMarvin K.W. Fujimoto W. Jetten A.M.
TitleIdentification and characterization of a novel squamous cell-associated gene related to PMP22.
SourceJ. Biol. Chem. 270:28910-28916(1995).
PubMed ID7499420

3AuthorsBen-Porath I. Benvenisty N.
SourceGene 183:69-75(1996).



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