PROSITE documentation PDOC00462
Ferrochelatase signature


Ferrochelatase (EC (protoheme ferro-lyase) [1,2] catalyzes the last step in heme biosynthesis: the chelation of a ferrous ion to proto-porphyrin IX, to form protoheme.

In eukaryotes, ferrochelatase is a mitochondrial protein bound to the inner membrane, whose active site faces the mitochondrial matrix. The mature form of eukaryotic ferrochelatase is composed of about 360 amino acids. In bacteria, ferrochelatase (gene hemH) [3] is a protein of from 310 to 380 amino acids.

The human autosomal dominant disease protoporphyria is due to the reduced activity of ferrochelatase.

The signature pattern for this enzyme is based on a conserved region which contains a histidine residue which could be involved in binding iron.

Last update:

December 2004 / Pattern and text revised.


Technical section

PROSITE method (with tools and information) covered by this documentation:

FERROCHELATASE, PS00534; Ferrochelatase signature  (PATTERN)


1AuthorsLabbe-Bois R.
SourceJ. Biol. Chem. 265:7278-7283(1990).

2AuthorsBrenner D.A. Frasier F.
TitleCloning of murine ferrochelatase.
SourceProc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 88:849-853(1991).
PubMed ID1704134

3AuthorsMiyamoto K. Nakahigashi K. Nishimura K. Inokuchi H.
TitleIsolation and characterization of visible light-sensitive mutants of Escherichia coli K12.
SourceJ. Mol. Biol. 219:393-398(1991).
PubMed ID2051480

PROSITE is copyrighted by the SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics and distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) License, see prosite_license.html.


View entry in original PROSITE document format
View entry in raw text format (no links)