PROSITE documentation PDOC00716
Lysyl oxidase putative copper-binding region signature


Lysyl oxidase (EC (LOX) [1] is an extracellular copper-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the oxidative deamination of peptidyl lysine residues in precursors of various collagens and elastins. The deaminated lysines are then able to form aldehyde cross-links.

In vertebrates LOX belongs to a family [2] that also includes three LOX-like proteins (genes LOXL1, LOXL2 and LOXL3) whose function is not yet known. A LOX-type catalytic domain is found in all three LOX-like proteins. LOXL2 and LOXL3 also contains 4 SRCR domains (see <PDOC00348>).

LOX binds a single copper atom which seems to reside within an octahedral coordination complex which includes at least three histidine ligands. Four histidine residues are clustered in a central region of the enzyme. This region is thought to be involved in cooper-binding and is called the 'copper-talon' [1]. We have used this region as a signature pattern.

Last update:

December 2004 / Pattern and text revised.


Technical section

PROSITE method (with tools and information) covered by this documentation:

LYSYL_OXIDASE, PS00926; Lysyl oxidase putative copper-binding region signature  (PATTERN)


1AuthorsKrebs C.J. Krawetz S.A.
TitleLysyl oxidase copper-talon complex: a model.
SourceBiochim. Biophys. Acta 1202:7-12(1993).
PubMed ID8104038

2AuthorsMaki J.M. Kivirikko K.I.
TitleCloning and characterization of a fourth human lysyl oxidase isoenzyme.
SourceBiochem. J. 355:381-387(2001).
PubMed ID11284725

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