Home  |  Contact
PROSITE documentation PDOC50815 [for PROSITE entry PS50815]

HORMA domain profile





Description

The HORMA domain (for HOP1, REV7 and MAD2) is an about 180-240 amino acids region containing several conserved motifs. Whereas the MAD2 and the REV7 proteins are almost entirely made up of HORMA domains, HOP1 contains a HORMA domain in its N-terminal region and a Zn-finger domain, whose general arrangement of metal-chelating residues is similar to that of the PHD finger, in the C-terminal region. The HORMA domain is found in proteins showing a direct association with chromatin of all crown group eukaryotes. It has been suggested that the HORMA domain recognizes chromatin states that result from DNA adducts, double-stranded breaks or non-attachment to the spindle and acts as an adaptor that recruits other proteins involved in repair [1].

Secondary structure prediction suggests that the HORMA domain is globular and could potentially form a complex β-sheet(s) with associated α-helices [1].

Some proteins known to contain a HORMA domain are listed below:

  • Eukaryotic HOP1, a conserved protein that is involved in meiotic- synaptonemal-complex assembly.
  • Eukaryotic mitotic-arrest-deficient 2 protein (MAD2), a key component of the mitotic-spindle-assembly checkpoint.
  • Eukaryotic REV7, a subunit of the DNA polymerase zeta that is involved in translesion, template-independent DNA synthesis.

We have developed a profile that covers the entire HORMA domain.

Last update:

May 2003 / First entry.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Technical section

PROSITE method (with tools and information) covered by this documentation:

HORMA, PS50815; HORMA domain profile  (MATRIX)


Reference

1AuthorsAravind L. Koonin E.V.
TitleThe HORMA domain: a common structural denominator in mitotic checkpoints, chromosome synapsis and DNA repair.
SourceTrends Biochem. Sci. 23:284-286(1998).
PubMed ID9757827



PROSITE is copyrighted by the SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics and distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) License, see prosite_license.html.

Miscellaneous

View entry in original PROSITE document format
View entry in raw text format (no links)