Home  |  Contact
PROSITE documentation PDOC51701 [for PROSITE entry PS51701]

6-Cysteine (6-Cys) domain profile





Description

The 6-Cysteine (6-Cys) domain is found in Plasmodium proteins that are expressed in all stages of the parasite life cycle in both the vertebrate and mosquito hosts. The domain is of roughly 120 amino acids and contains six positionally conserved cysteines. It might occur in 1-14 copies per protein, either as the sole globular domain or in combination wih β-helix-forming hexapeptide repeats as is the case of sequestrin. It is generally found in tandem pairs of A-type and B-type domains. Previously believed to be exclusive to Plasmodium, the 6-Cys domain also exists in proteins found in all members of the aconoidasidan (hematozoan) clade of Apicomplexa, which unites the haemosporidians (Plasmodium) and piroplasms) [1,2,3,4,5].

The 6-cys domain is a β-sandwich formed by two sheets with a mixture of parallel and antiparallel strands (see <PDB:2LOE>). Three disulfide bonds are present in the 6_Cys domain with C1-C2, C3-C6, and C4-C5 connectivity. C1-C2 and C3-C6 pin together the two sheets of the β-sandwich, whereas C4-C5 links an ancyllary loop to the core domain [4,5].

Some Plasmodium proteins known to contain a 6-Cys domain are listed below:

  • Pfs48/45, involved in male/female gamete fusion in the mosquito midgut. It is predicted to be glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored to the gamete surface.
  • Pfs230, involved in male/female gamete fusion in the mosquito midgut. It is a soluble protein that associates with the gamete membrane by binding to Pfs48/45.
  • Pfs47, involved in male/female gamete fusion in the mosquito midgut. It is found on female gametes.
  • P52, expressed in the sporozoite. May be required for invasion of hepatocytes and to promote normal development in the liver.
  • P36, expressed in the sporozoite. May be required for invasion of hepatocytes and to promote normal development in the liver.
  • Pf41, located on the surface of merozoites and has a signal sequence.
  • Pf38, located on the surface of merozoites. It has a signal sequence and is GPI-anchored to the merozoite surface.
  • Pf12, located on the surface of merozoites. It has a signal sequence and is GPI-anchored to the merozoite surface.
  • Pf92, located on the surface of merozoites. It has a signal sequence and is GPI-anchored to the merozoite surface.

The profile we developed covers the entire 6-Cys domain.

Last update:

January 2014 / First entry.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Technical section

PROSITE method (with tools and information) covered by this documentation:

6_CYS, PS51701; 6-Cysteine (6-Cys) domain profile  (MATRIX)


References

1Authorsvan Dijk M.R. Janse C.J. Thompson J. Waters A.P. Braks J.A.M. Dodemont H.J. Stunnenberg H.G. van Gemert G.J. Sauerwein R.W. Eling W.
TitleA central role for P48/45 in malaria parasite male gamete fertility.
SourceCell 104:153-164(2001).
PubMed ID11163248

2AuthorsGerloff D.L. Creasey A. Maslau S. Carter R.
TitleStructural models for the protein family characterized by gamete surface protein Pfs230 of Plasmodium falciparum.
SourceProc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102:13598-13603(2005).
PubMed ID16155126
DOI10.1073/pnas.0502378102

3Authorsvan Dijk M.R. van Schaijk B.C.L. Khan S.M. van Dooren M.W. Ramesar J. Kaczanowski S. van Gemert G.-J. Kroeze H. Stunnenberg H.G. Eling W.M. Sauerwein R.W. Waters A.P. Janse C.J.
TitleThree members of the 6-cys protein family of Plasmodium play a role in gamete fertility.
SourcePLoS Pathog. 6:E1000853-E1000853(2010).
PubMed ID20386715
DOI10.1371/journal.ppat.1000853

4AuthorsArredondo S.A. Cai M. Takayama Y. MacDonald N.J. Anderson D.E. Aravind L. Clore G.M. Miller L.H.
TitleStructure of the Plasmodium 6-cysteine s48/45 domain.
SourceProc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109:6692-6697(2012).
PubMed ID22493233
DOI10.1073/pnas.1204363109

5AuthorsTonkin M.L. Arredondo S.A. Loveless B.C. Serpa J.J. Makepeace K.A. Sundar N. Petrotchenko E.V. Miller L.H. Grigg M.E. Boulanger M.J.
TitleStructural and biochemical characterization of Plasmodium falciparum 12 (Pf12) reveals a unique interdomain organization and the potential for an antiparallel arrangement with Pf41.
SourceJ. Biol. Chem. 288:12805-12817(2013).
PubMed ID23511632
DOI10.1074/jbc.M113.455667



PROSITE is copyrighted by the SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics and distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) License, see prosite_license.html.

Miscellaneous

View entry in original PROSITE document format
View entry in raw text format (no links)