|PROSITE documentation PDOC51846 [for PROSITE entry PS51846]|
Proteins in the ancient conserved domain protein/cyclin M (CNNM) family are integral membrane proteins that are conserved from bacteria to humans. CNNM family members influence metal ion homeostasis through mechanisms that may not involve direct membrane transport of the ions. Structurally, CNNMs are complex proteins that contain an extracellular N-terminal domain preceding a transmembrane domain, a "Bateman module", which consists of two cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS) domains (see <PDOC51371>), and a C-terminal cNMP (cyclic nucleotide monophosphate) binding domain (see <PDOC00691>) [1,2,3,4].
The CNNM transmembrane domain contains four hydrophobic regions. The second one is the shortest and the least hydrophobic, indicating that the second hydrophobic region might not be completely membrane-spanning, but instead forms a re-entrant loop. Hence, the CNNM integral membrane domain has been proposed to contain three full membrane-spanning regions and an additional re-entrant loop .
Some proteins known to contain a CNNM transmembrane domain are listed below:
The profile we developed covers the entire CNNM transmembrane domain.Last update:
November 2017 / First entry.
PROSITE method (with tools and information) covered by this documentation:
|1||Authors||Yang M. Jensen L.T. Gardner A.J. Culotta V.C.|
|Title||Manganese toxicity and Saccharomyces cerevisiae Mam3p, a member of the ACDP (ancient conserved domain protein) family.|
|Source||Biochem. J. 386:479-487(2005).|
|2||Authors||de Baaij J.H.F. Stuiver M. Meij I.C. Lainez S. Kopplin K. Venselaar H. Mueller D. Bindels R.J.M. Hoenderop J.G.J.|
|Title||Membrane topology and intracellular processing of cyclin M2 (CNNM2).|
|Source||J. Biol. Chem. 287:13644-13655(2012).|
|3||Authors||Gulerez I. Funato Y. Wu H. Yang M. Kozlov G. Miki H. Gehring K.|
|Title||Phosphocysteine in the PRL-CNNM pathway mediates magnesium homeostasis.|
|Source||EMBO Rep. 17:1890-1900(2016).|
|4||Authors||Gimenez-Mascarell P. Oyenarte I. Hardy S. Breiderhoff T. Stuiver M. Kostantin E. Diercks T. Pey A.L. Ereno-Orbea J. Martinez-Chantar M.L. Khalaf-Nazzal R. Claverie-Martin F. Mueller D. Tremblay M.L. Martinez-Cruz L.A.|
|Title||Structural Basis of the Oncogenic Interaction of Phosphatase PRL-1 with the Magnesium Transporter CNNM2.|
|Source||J. Biol. Chem. 292:786-801(2017).|