PROSITE documentation PDOC00325
Inorganic pyrophosphatase signature


Inorganic pyrophosphatase (EC (PPase) [1,2] is the enzyme responsible for the hydrolysis of pyrophosphate (PPi) which is formed principally as the product of the many biosynthetic reactions that utilize ATP. All known PPases require the presence of divalent metal cations, with magnesium conferring the highest activity. Among other residues, a lysine has been postulated to be part or close to the active site. PPases have been sequenced from bacteria such as Escherichia coli (homohexamer), thermophilic bacteria PS-3 and Thermus thermophilus, from the archaebacteria Thermoplasma acidophilum, from fungi (homodimer), from a plant, and from bovine retina. In yeast, a mitochondrial isoform of PPase has been characterized which seems to be involved in energy production and whose activity is stimulated by uncouplers of ATP synthesis.

The sequences of PPases share some regions of similarities. As signature patterns we have selected a region that contains three conserved aspartates that are involved in the binding of cations.

Expert(s) to contact by email:

Kolakowski L.F. Jr.

Last update:

May 2004 / Text revised.


Technical section

PROSITE method (with tools and information) covered by this documentation:

PPASE, PS00387; Inorganic pyrophosphatase signature  (PATTERN)


1AuthorsLahti R. Kolakowski L.F. Jr. Heinonen J. Vihinen M. Pohjanoksa K. Cooperman B.S.
TitleConservation of functional residues between yeast and E. coli inorganic pyrophosphatases.
SourceBiochim. Biophys. Acta 1038:338-345(1990).
PubMed ID2160278

2AuthorsCooperman B.S. Baykov A.A. Lahti R.
TitleEvolutionary conservation of the active site of soluble inorganic pyrophosphatase.
SourceTrends Biochem. Sci. 17:262-266(1992).
PubMed ID1323891

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