|PROSITE documentation PDOC01005|
The CRM domain is an ~100-amino acid RNA-binding domain. The name chloroplast RNA splicing and ribosome maturation (CRM) has been suggested to reflect the functions established for the four characterized members of the family (CRS1, CAF1, CAF2 and YhbY). The CRM domain is found in eubacteria, archaea, and plants. The CRM domain is represented as a stand-alone protein in archaea and bacteria, and in single- and multidomain proteins in plants. It has been suggested that prokaryotic CRM proteins existed as ribosome-associated proteins prior to the divergence of archaea and bacteria, and that they were co-opted in the plant lineage as RNA binding modules by incorporation into diverse protein contexts. Plant CRM domains are predicted to reside not only in the chloroplast, but also in the mitochondrion and the nucleo/cytoplasmic compartment. The diversity of the CRM domain family in plants suggests a diverse set of RNA targets [1,2].
The CRM domain is a compact α/β domain consisting of a four-stranded β sheet and three α helices with an α-β-α-β-α-β-β topology (see <PDB:1LN4>). The β sheet face is basic, consistent with a role in RNA binding. Proximal to the basic β sheet face is another moiety that could contribute to nucleic acid recognition. Connecting strand β1 and helix α2 is a loop with a six amino acid motif, GxxG flanked by large aliphatic residues, within which one 'x' is typically a basic residue .
Some proteins known to contain a CRM domain are listed below:
The profile we developed covers the entire CRM domain.Note:
The CRM domain has also been called CRS1-YhbY domain .Last update:
February 2007 / Pattern removed, profile added and text revised.
PROSITE method (with tools and information) covered by this documentation:
|1||Authors||Ostheimer G.J. Williams-Carrier R. Belcher S. Osborne E. Gierke J. Barkan A.|
|Title||Group II intron splicing factors derived by diversification of an ancient RNA-binding domain.|
|Source||EMBO J. 22:3919-3929(2003).|
|2||Authors||Barkan A. Klipcan L. Ostersetzer O. Kawamura T. Asakura Y. Watkins K.P.|
|Title||The CRM domain: an RNA binding module derived from an ancient ribosome-associated protein.|
|3||Authors||Ostheimer G.J. Barkan A. Matthews B.W.|
|Title||Crystal structure of E. coli YhbY: a representative of a novel class of RNA binding proteins.|