PROSITE documentation PDOC50032
Kinase associated domain 1 (KA1) profile


Members of the KIN2/PAR-1/MARK kinase subfamily are conserved from yeast to human and share the same domain organisation: an N-terminal kinase domain and a C-terminal kinase associated domain 1 (KA1). Some members of the KIN1/PAR-1/MARK family also contain an UBA domain (see <PDOC50030>). Members of this kinase subfamily are involved in various biological processes such as cell polarity, cell cycle control, intracellular signaling, microtubule stability and protein stability [1]. The function of the KA1 domain is not yet known.

Some proteins known to contain a KA1 domain are listed below:

  • Mammalian MAP/microtubule affinity-regulating kinases (MARK 1,2,3). They regulate polarity in neuronal cell models and appear to function redundantly in phosphorylating MT-associated proteins and in regulating MT stability [2].
  • Mammalian maternal embryonic leucine zipper kinase (MELK). It phosphorylates ZNF622 and may contribute to its redirection to the nucleus. It may be involved in the inhibition of spliceosome assembly during mitosis.
  • Caenorhabditis elegans and drosophila PAR-1 protein. It is required for establishing polarity in embryos where it is assimetrically distributed [3].
  • Fungal Kin1 and Kin2 protein kinases involved in regulation of exocytosis. They localize to the cytoplasmic face of the plasma membrane [4].
  • Plant KIN10 and KIN11 proteins, catalytic subunits of the putative trimeric SNF1-related protein kinase (SnRK) complex.

The profile we developed covers the entire KA1 domain.

Last update:

June 2006 / First entry.


Technical section

PROSITE method (with tools and information) covered by this documentation:

KA1, PS50032; Kinase associated domain 1 (KA1) profile  (MATRIX)


1AuthorsTassan J.P. Le Goff X.
TitleAn overview of the KIN1/PAR-1/MARK kinase family.
SourceBiol. Cell 96:193-199(2004).
PubMed ID15182702

2AuthorsBiernat J. Wu Y.Z. Timm T. Zheng-Fischhofer Q. Mandelkow E. Meijer L. Mandelkow E.M.
TitleProtein kinase MARK/PAR-1 is required for neurite outgrowth and establishment of neuronal polarity.
SourceMol. Biol. Cell 13:4013-4028(2002).
PubMed ID12429843

3AuthorsGuo S. Kemphues K.J.
Titlepar-1, a gene required for establishing polarity in C. elegans embryos, encodes a putative Ser/Thr kinase that is asymmetrically distributed.
SourceCell 81:611-620(1995).
PubMed ID7758115

4AuthorsElbert M. Rossi G. Brennwald P.
TitleThe yeast par-1 homologs kin1 and kin2 show genetic and physical interactions with components of the exocytic machinery.
SourceMol. Biol. Cell 16:532-549(2005).
PubMed ID15563607

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