PROSITE documentation PDOC50896
LIS1 homology (LisH) motif and C-terminal to LisH (CTLH) motif profiles


The 33-residue LIS1 homology (LisH) motif is found in eukaryotic intracellular proteins involved in microtubule dynamics, cell migration, nucleokinesis and chromosome segregation. The LisH motif is likely to possess a conserved protein-binding function and it has been proposed that LisH motifs contribute to the regulation of microtubule dynamics, either by mediating dimerization, or else by binding cytoplasmic dynein heavy chain or microtubules directly. The LisH motif is found associated to other domains, such as WD-40 (see <PDOC00574>), SPRY, Kelch, AAA ATPase, RasGEF, or HEAT (see <PDOC50077>) [1,2,3].

The secondary structure of the LisH domain is predicted to be two α-helices [1].

Some proteins known to contain a LisH motif are listed below:

  • Animal LIS1. It regulates cytoplasmic dynein function. In human, children with defects in LIS1 suffer from Miller-Dieker lissencephaly, a brain malformation that results in severe retardation, epilepsy and an early death.
  • Emericella nidulans nuclear migration protein nudF, the orthologue of LIS1.
  • Eukaryotic RanBPM, a Ran binding protein involved in microtubule nucleation.
  • Eukaryotic Nopp140, a nucleolar phosphoprotein.
  • Mammalian treacle, a nucleolar protein. In human, defects in treacle are the cause of Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS), an autosomal dominant disorder of craniofacial development.
  • Animal muskelin. It acts as a mediator of cell spreading and cytoskeletal responses to the extracellular matrix component thrombospondin 1.
  • Animal transducin β-like 1 protein (TBL1).
  • Plant tonneau.
  • Arabidopsis thaliana LEUNIG, a putative transcriptional corepressor that regulates AGAMOUS expression during flower development.
  • Fungal aimless RasGEF.
  • Leishmania major katanin-like protein.

The C-terminal to LisH (CTLH) motif is a predicted α-helical sequence of unknown function that is found adjacent to the LisH motif in a number of these proteins but is absent in other (e.g. LIS1) [1,2,3]. The CTLH domain can also be found in the absence of the LisH motif, like in:

  • Arabidopsis thaliana hypothetical protein MUD21.5.
  • Yeast protein RMD5.

The profiles we developed cover respectively the entire LisH and CTLH motifs.

Last update:

February 2003 / First entry.


Technical section

PROSITE methods (with tools and information) covered by this documentation:

CTLH, PS50897; C-terminal to LisH (CTLH) motif profile  (MATRIX)

LISH, PS50896; LIS1 homology (LisH) motif profile  (MATRIX)


1AuthorsEmes R.D. Ponting C.P.
TitleA new sequence motif linking lissencephaly, Treacher Collins and oral-facial-digital type 1 syndromes, microtubule dynamics and cell migration.
SourceHum. Mol. Genet. 10:2813-2820(2001).
PubMed ID11734546

2AuthorsAdams J.C.
TitleCharacterization of a Drosophila melanogaster orthologue of muskelin.
SourceGene 297:69-78(2002).
PubMed ID12384287

3AuthorsUmeda M. Nishitani H. Nishimoto T.
TitleA novel nuclear protein, Twa1, and Muskelin comprise a complex with RanBPM.
SourceGene 303:47-54(2003).
PubMed ID12559565

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