|PROSITE documentation PDOC51724|
The SPOR domain is named after the founding member of the protein family, a Bacillus subtilis cell wall amidase named CwlC that is produced relatively late in the process of sporulation. SPOR domain proteins are widespread in bacteria, many of these proteins are involved in sporulation and cell division, and SPOR domains are sufficient for septal localization, probaly because SPOR domains bind to septal peptidoglycan (PG) [1,2,3,4,5].
The SPOR domain is ~75 amino acid long. It comprises two tandem repeats that fold into a pseudo-2-fold symmetric single-domain structure consisting of a βαββαβ-fold containing numerous contacts between the repeats (see <PDB:1X60>). Hydrophobic residues important for structural integrity are conserved between the repeats, and are located symmetrically. The SPOR domain assembles into a four-stranded antiparallel β-sheet buttressed on one side by two α-helices [1,2,5].
Some proteins kwown to contain a SPOR domain are listed below:
The profile we developed covers the entire SPOR domain.Last update:
July 2014 / First entry.
PROSITE method (with tools and information) covered by this documentation:
|1||Authors||Yang J.C. Van Den Ent F. Neuhaus D. Brevier J. Lowe J.|
|Title||Solution structure and domain architecture of the divisome protein FtsN.|
|Source||Mol. Microbiol. 52:651-660(2004).|
|2||Authors||Mishima M. Shida T. Yabuki K. Kato K. Sekiguchi J. Kojima C.|
|Title||Solution structure of the peptidoglycan binding domain of Bacillus subtilis cell wall lytic enzyme CwlC: characterization of the sporulation-related repeats by NMR.|
|3||Authors||Gerding M.A. Liu B. Bendezu F.O. Hale C.A. Bernhardt T.G. de Boer P.A.J.|
|Title||Self-enhanced accumulation of FtsN at Division Sites and Roles for Other Proteins with a SPOR domain (DamX, DedD, and RlpA) in Escherichia coli cell constriction.|
|Source||J. Bacteriol. 191:7383-7401(2009).|
|4||Authors||Arends S.J.R Williams K. Scott R.J. Rolong S. Popham D.L. Weiss D.S.|
|Title||Discovery and characterization of three new Escherichia coli septal ring proteins that contain a SPOR domain: DamX, DedD, and RlpA.|
|Source||J. Bacteriol. 192:242-255(2010).|
|5||Authors||Williams K.B. Yahashiri A. Arends S.J.R. Popham D.L. Fowler C.A. Weiss D.S.|
|Title||Nuclear magnetic resonance solution structure of the peptidoglycan-binding SPOR domain from Escherichia coli DamX: insights into septal localization.|