PROSITE documentation PDOC51896
Zinc finger C4H2-type profile


ZC4H2, which belongs to a conserved gene family found in all metazoans, is located on the X chromosome and has been found to be expressed in various human tissues, particularly fetal brain. ZC4H2 plays an important role during embryonic development of the central and peripheral nervous systems. Alterations of ZC4H2 orthologues in mouse brain and zebrafish affect central nervous system (CNS) embryogenesis, particularly the development and specification of dendritic spines. In humans, defects in ZC4H2 have been found in males affected by severe intellectual disability in variable association with spasticity, hypereflexia and/or pyramidal signs, seizures or CNS abnormalities, muscle weakness, and joint contractures (arthrogryposis multiplex congenital; AMC). The ZC4H2 gene encodes a zinc-finger protein with a C-terminal domain, which includes a putative C4H2 zinc-finger characterized by four cysteine residues and two histidine residues, and a coiled-coil domain [1,2,3,4].

Some proteins known to contain a C4H2-type zinc finger are listed below:

  • Vertebrate ZC4H2.
  • Caenorhabditis elegans VAB-23.

The profile we developed covers the entire C4H2-type zinc finger.

Last update:

June 2019 / First entry.


Technical section

PROSITE method (with tools and information) covered by this documentation:

ZF_C4H2, PS51896; Zinc finger C4H2-type profile  (MATRIX)


1AuthorsPellegrino M.W. Gasser R.B. Sprenger F. Stetak A. Hajnal A.
TitleThe conserved zinc finger protein VAB-23 is an essential regulator of epidermal morphogenesis in Caenorhabditis elegans.
SourceDev. Biol. 336:84-93(2009).
PubMed ID19799893

2AuthorsHirata H. Nanda I. van Riesen A. McMichael G. Hu H. Hambrock M. Papon M.-A. Fischer U. Marouillat S. Ding C. Alirol S. Bienek M. Preisler-Adams S. Grimme A. Seelow D. Webster R. Haan E. MacLennan A. Stenzel W. Yap T.Y. Gardner A. Nguyen L.S. Shaw M. Lebrun N. Haas S.A. Kress W. Haaf T. Schellenberger E. Chelly J. Viot G. Shaffer L.G. Rosenfeld J.A. Kramer N. Falk R. El-Khechen D. Escobar L.F. Hennekam R. Wieacker P. Huebner C. Ropers H.-H. Gecz J. Schuelke M. Laumonnier F. Kalscheuer V.M.
TitleZC4H2 mutations are associated with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita and intellectual disability through impairment of central and peripheral synaptic plasticity.
SourceAm. J. Hum. Genet. 92:681-695(2013).
PubMed ID23623388

3AuthorsZanzottera C. Milani D. Alfei E. Rizzo A. D'Arrigo S. Esposito S. Pantaleoni C.
TitleZC4H2 deletions can cause severe phenotype in female carriers.
SourceAm. J. Med. Genet. A. 173:1358-1363(2017).
PubMed ID28345801

4AuthorsMa P. Ren B. Yang X. Sun B. Liu X. Kong Q. Li C. Mao B.
TitleZC4H2 stabilizes Smads to enhance BMP signalling, which is involved in neural development in Xenopus.
SourceOpen. Biol. 7:0-0(2017).
PubMed ID28814648

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