Proteins of the dishevelled family (Dsh and Dvl) play a key role in the
transduction of the Wg/Wnt signal (see <PDOC00219>) from the cell surface to
the nucleus: in response to Wnt signal, they block the degradation of β-catenin by interacting with the scaffolding protein axin. The N-terminus of
proteins of the dishevelled family and the C-terminus of proteins of the axin
family share a region of homology of about 85 amino acids, which has been
called DIX for DIshevelled and aXin . The DIX domain is found associated
with PDZ (see <PDOC50106>) and DEP (see <PDOC50186>) domains in proteins of
the dishevelled family and with an RGS domain (see <PDOC50132>) in proteins of
the axin family. DIX has been shown to be a protein-protein interaction
domain that is important for homo- and hetero-oligomerization of proteins of
the dishevelled and axin families [2,3,4,5]. The DIX domain has also be shown
to be a signalling module that can target proteins to actin stress fibres and
cytoplasmic vesicles to control Wnt signalling [6,7].
The Dvl2 DIX domain has been shown to form a predominantly helical structure
The profile we developed covers the entire DIX domain.
December 2002 / First entry.
PROSITE method (with tools and information) covered by this documentation:
Cadigan K.M. Nusse R.
Wnt signaling: a common theme in animal development.
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