The microbial degradation of cellulose and xylans requires several types of
enzymes such as endoglucanases (EC 220.127.116.11), cellobiohydrolases (EC 18.104.22.168)
(exoglucanases), or xylanases (EC 22.214.171.124) [1,2]. Fungi and bacteria produces
a spectrum of cellulolytic enzymes (cellulases) and xylanases which, on the
basis of sequence similarities, can be classified into families. One of these
families is known as the cellulase family F  or as the glycosyl hydrolases
family 10 [4,E1]. The enzymes which are currently known to belong to this
family are listed below.
Aspergillus awamori xylanase A (xynA).
Bacillus sp. strain 125 xylanase (xynA).
Bacillus stearothermophilus xylanase.
Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens xylanases A (xynA) and B (xynB).
Caldocellum saccharolyticum bifunctional endoglucanase/exoglucanase (celB).
This protein consists of two domains; it is the N-terminal domain, which
has exoglucanase activity, which belongs to this family.
Caldocellum saccharolyticum xylanase A (xynA).
Caldocellum saccharolyticum ORF4. This hypothetical protein is encoded in
the xynABC operon and is probably a xylanase.
Clostridium thermocellum xylanases Y (xynY) and Z (xynZ).
Cryptococcus albidus xylanase.
Penicillium chrysogenum xylanase (gene xylP).
Pseudomonas fluorescens xylanases A (xynA) and B (xynB).
Ruminococcus flavefaciens bifunctional xylanase XYLA (xynA). This protein
consists of three domains: a N-terminal xylanase catalytic domain that
belongs to family 11 of glycosyl hydrolases; a central domain composed of
short repeats of Gln, Asn an Trp, and a C-terminal xylanase catalytic
domain that belongs to family 10 of glycosyl hydrolases.
Streptomyces lividans xylanase A (xlnA).
Thermoanaerobacter saccharolyticum endoxylanase A (xynA).
Thermoascus aurantiacus xylanase.
Thermophilic bacterium Rt8.B4 xylanase (xynA).
One of the conserved regions in these enzymes is centered on a conserved
glutamic acid residue which has been shown , in the exoglucanase from
Cellulomonas fimi, to be directly involved in glycosidic bond cleavage by
acting as a nucleophile. We have used this region as a signature pattern.
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