First identified in cyclin-F as a protein-protein interaction motif, the F-box
is a conserved domain that is present in numerous protein with a bipartite
structure . Through the F-box, these proteins are linked to the Skp1
protein and the core of SCFs (Skp1-cullin-F-box protein ligase) complexes.
SCFs complexes constitute a new class of E3 ligases . They function in
combination with the E2 enzyme Cdc34 to ubiquitinate G1 cyclins, Cdk
inhibitors and many other proteins, to mark them for degradation. The binding
of the specific substrates by SCFs complexes is mediated by divergent protein-protein interaction motifs present in F-box proteins, like WD40 repeats (see
<PDOC00574>), leucine rich repeats [3,4] or ANK repeats (see <PDOC50088>).
Some proteins known to contain a F-box are listed below:
Mammalian G2/mitotic-specific cyclin-F.
Yeast CDC4. It contains WD repeats.
Yeast GRR1. It contains a leucine-rich segment.
Yeast MET30. It contains WD repeats.
Neurospora crassa Scon2. It contains WD repeats.
Emericella nidulans SconB. It contains WD repeats.
Caenorhabditis elegans sel-10. It contains WD repeats.
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